Doraemon was a 1979 anime created by Fujiko F. Fujio. The series was produced by Shin-Ei Animation, and was more successful than its 1973 predecessor. It ran on TV Asahi from April 2, 1979 to March 25, 2005 for a total of 1,787 episodes and 30 specials. This anime adaption has now been dubbed in several languages, which aired in several countries.
For the first 2 years of the series' run, the episodes (of approximately 6 minutes long) aired every Monday through Saturday from 6:50 to 7:00 PM. Starting October 2, 1981 the series switched to a weekly half-hour format, where it remained until the end of its run. Because of the switch to the half-hour format, the episode length increased to 10 minutes, or sometimes 23 minutes. When the episodes were not 23 minutes, the network paired 2 shorter episodes (a new episode and a rerun) to fill up the half-hour time-slot.
The opening theme used for the weekly Doraemon series airing between 1979 and 2005 was Doraemon's Song (Doraemon no Uta) (ドラえもんのうた), which was performed by five different performers over the course of its years:
|Performer||Starting date||Starting episode||Ending date||Ending episode|
|1.||Kumiko Ōsugi (大杉久美子)||April 2, 1979||Episode 1||October 2, 1992||episode 1199|
|2.||Satoko Yamano (山野さと子)||October 9, 1992||Episode 1200||September 20, 2002||episode 1681|
|3.||Tokyo Purin (東京プリン)||October 4, 2002||episode 1682||April 11, 2003||episode 1705|
|4.||Misato Watanabe (渡辺美里)||April 18, 2003||episode 1706||April 23, 2004||episode 1752|
|5.||AJI||April 30, 2004||episode 1753||March 18, 2005||episode 1787|
Two songs were used for a separate weekday Doraemon series which is a part of Fujiko Fujio Theater (藤子不二雄劇場, Fujiko Fujio Gekijoo), the first song being the same as the first song of the weekly series.
|Name||Song Title||Starting date||Starting episode||Ending date||Ending episode|
|1.||Kumiko Ōsugi (大杉久美子)||Doraemon's Song (ドラえもんのうた)||April 2, 1979||episode 1||September 29, 1979||episode 156|
|2.||Nobuyo Oyama, Koorogi '73 (大山のぶ代, こおろぎ'73)||Boku Doraemon (ぼくドラえもん)||October 1, 1979||episode 157||September 23, 1981||episode 617|
The ending themes used for the weekly Doraemon series airing between 1979 and 2005 were:
|Song Title||Performer||Starting date||Starting episode||Ending date||Ending episode|
|1.||Aoi Sora wa Poketto sa
|Kumiko Oosugi (大杉久美子)||April 2, 1979||episode 1||September 27, 1981||episode 618|
|2.||Maru-gao no Uta
|Nobuyo Oyama (大山のぶ代)||October 2, 1981||episode 619||March 30, 1984||episode 757|
|3.||Santa Kurozu wa Doko no Hito
|Nobuyo Oyama (大山のぶ代)||November 18, 1983||episode 738||December 30, 1983||episode 744|
|Mitsuko Horie (堀江美都子)||April 6, 1984||episode 758||April 8, 1988||episode 971|
|Mitsuko Horie (堀江美都子)||April 15, 1988||episode 972||October 2, 1992||episode 1199|
|6.||Ashita mo Tomodachi
|Yui Nishiwaki (にしわきゆい)||October 9, 1992||episode 1200||April 7, 1995||episode 1346|
|7.||Boku Doraemon 2112
|Nobuyo Oyama, Koorogi '73 (大山のぶ代、こおろぎ'73)||April 14, 1995||episode 1347||September 20, 2002||episode 1681|
|8.||Mata Aeru Hi Made
|Yuzu (ゆず)||October 4, 2002||episode 1682||April 11, 2003||episode 1705|
|9.||Tanpopo no Uta
|The Alfee (ジ・アルフィー)||April 18, 2003||episode 1706||October 3, 2003||episode 1729|
|Hitomi Shimatani (島谷ひとみ)||October 10, 2003||episode 1730||May 28, 2004||episode 1757|
|11.||Aa Ii na!
|W (ダブルユー)||June 4, 2004||episode 1758||March 18, 2005||episode 1787|
Three songs were used for the separate weekday Doraemon series. The start and end dates are not listed here, nor are the episodes they ran for.
|1.||Doraemon Ekaki-uta (ドラえもん・えかきうた)||Nobuyo Oyama (大山のぶ代)|
|2.||Doraemon Ondo (ドラえもん音頭)||Nobuyo Oyama, Koorogi '73 (大山のぶ代、こおろぎ'73)]]|
|3.||Dorami-chan Ekaki-uta (ドラミちゃんのえかきうた)||Keiko Yokozawa (横沢啓子)|
- Main article: List of Doraemon (1979 anime) episodes
- This Doraemon anime series is sometimes referred to in Asia as the Ōyama Edition (大山版), after Nobuyo Ōyama, the voice actress who voiced Doraemon in this series.
- Some episodes were adapted from manga chapters or made original was never made it into 2005 anime adaption. The getting made it into the new anime adaption chance are often very slim.
- Although it never succeeded airing in the U.S, or never aired in the United Kingdom, Ireland and Canada, there has been several attempts to license the 1979 version of Doraemon for the U.S market.
- An (unofficial) English dub of the 1979 Doraemon anime called Albert and Sydney aired in Barbados.
- Several episodes and movies of the 1979 anime were (illegally) dubbed into English in Asia and released on VCD.
- The 1979 series had several changes and updates:
- Ending Quickie was used during early episode of this anime adaption, which simulates the episode plot (and it's was different than the manga version of ending quickie.) until 2 October 1981 when the series refreshed, similar what happens to the another anime series Kirby: Right Back at Ya! (Only in the Japanese version of 73-100 episodes).
- Early episodes and early year of Doraemon had different design look until the series updated and refreshed a new character design look on October 2, 1981 in BGM and first appeared on episodes in few years later (approx. starting in 1982/1983). On the same time, Ending Quickie were removed in the subsequent series (as stated above.) Also, the episodes were extended from originally 7 minutes into 11 minutes.
- The episodes duration were extended and there are 3 episodes duration from 8 minutes 57 seconds, 10 minutes 50 seconds, 12 minutes 43 seconds.
- A episode from the 1979 series are also didn't aired or delayed due to this reason
- On 14 November 1986, There was a report about eruption of Mount Mihara.
- On July to August 2001, There was World Aquatics Championships event held in Japan. Also, the episodes originally aired on July to August 2001 were also skipped for no reason.
- On 23 October 2004, there was a report about the Chūetsu earthquake.
- This series also updated and changed new look again in April 1st, 1994.
- Beginning on March 3, 2000. The series transitioned from Mono to Stereo.
- This series shifted from original traditional hand drawing animation for almost 23 years to digital production and became full digital animation in October 4, 2002.
- Brubaker, Charles (July 30, 2013). Mini-Anime 1971-1980 - Cartoon Research. Retrieved on June 7, 2016